Curriculum Orientated Physical Education Teachers Guide – FET Phase

The Physical Education component in Grades 10 to 12 aims to develop learners’ physical well-being and knowledge of movement and safety. It encourages learners to perform in a wide range of activities associated with the development of an active and healthy lifestyle.
Physical Education also aims to develop learners’ confidence and generic skills, especially those of collaboration, communication, creativity, critical thinking and aesthetic appreciation. These, together with the nurturing of positive values and attitudes in physical education, provide a good foundation for learners’  lifelong and life-wide learning.

All Physical Education periods will focus on practical physical and mass participation in movement activities for enjoyment and enrichment purposes, with a view to encouraging learners to commit to and engage in regular physical activity as part of their lifestyle.

The Physical Education component in this phase focuses solely on three different movement sections:

  • Fitness;
  • Games and sport; and
  • Recreation and relaxation.

Curriculum Orientated Physical Education Teachers Guide – Foundation Phase

Physical Education in Grades R – 3, aims to ensure the further development of the many emerging motor control, body awareness and perceptual motor abilities that the learner may possess.

The learner needs to develop the necessary skills for each of the developmental aspects using a variety of new functional movements. Through discovery the learner develops an awareness of the body and how to move in challenging, exploratory and problem-solving ways. The development of the learner’s gross and fine motor skills and perceptual development is fundamental in the Foundation Phase.

Physical and motor development is integral to the holistic development of learners. It makes a significant contribution to learners’ social, personal and emotional development. Play, movement, games and sport contribute to developing positive attitudes and values. This area focuses on perceptual and locomotor development, rhythm, balance and laterality.

The focus in the Foundation Phase is on games and some activities that will form the basis of participating in sports later on. Physical growth, development, recreation and play are emphasised.

Curriculum Orientated Physical Education Teachers Guide – Intermediate Phase

Physical Education in Grades 4 to 6 aims to ensure physical development and movement of learners with confidence. It focuses on development of greater body awareness and improved body control and participation in movement skills/activities. The mastery of movement skills and body control serves as a basis for participation in general movement activities and sport.

Physical Education aims to develop learners’ physical well-being and knowledge of movement and safety. During engagement in this study area, learners will develop motor skills and participate in a variety of physical activities. Participation in Physical Education will nurture positive attitudes and values that will assist learners to be physically fit, mentally alert, emotionally balanced and socially well adjusted. Learners will directly experience the benefits of such participation and be better able to understand the importance of a physically active lifestyle. During movement activities teachers will also address the development of other skills such as relationship skills, problem solving skills and the enhancement of self-esteem.

The content for Personal and Social Well-being and Physical Education study areas addressed in Grades 4, 5 and 6 relates to that in Life Skills in the Foundation Phase and Life Orientation in the Senior and FET Phases. It focuses on similar areas of skills, knowledge and values and prepares learners to continue with the subject in Grades 7 to 12.

Curriculum Orientated Physical Education Teachers Guide – Senior Phase

Physical Education in Grades 7 to 9 aims to develop learners’ physical wellbeing and knowledge of movement and safety. It encourages learners to use these to perform in a wide range of activities associated with the development of an active and healthy lifestyle.

It also aims to develop learners’ confidence and generic skills, especially those of collaboration, communication, creativity, critical thinking and aesthetic appreciation. These, together with the nurturing of positive values and attitudes in Physical Education, provide a good foundation for learners’ lifelong and life-wide learning.

All Physical Education periods will focus on practical physical and mass participation in movement activities for enjoyment and enrichment purposes, with a view to encouraging learners to engage in regular physical activity as part of their lifestyle.